Document, can be defined as any material either movable or immovable, that holds a written, printed or drawn inscription. On the contrary, a questioned document is elucidated as any text or document whose authenticity or legitimacy has been questioned, or is considered to be skeptical. In this course listed as Questioned Document Examination, the students will be taught an introduction about the documents, the categories they are categorized into. In addition, the students will be enlightened about the veracity of the document examination, its application in case solving. The cases broadly considered into the Questioned Document section are: the signature verification, the handwriting verification and examination, the examination of inauthentic computer-generated documents, the examination of printed documents, counterfeit currency.
In simple manner, the entire science of Questioned Document Examination rests on the day by day increasing forgery and foulplay related to documents. The examination generally relates to the documents as agreement, deed, property papers, wills, cheques, and stamps. The document examiner also checks for the presence of any other criminal activity as addition, deletion, insertion or obliteration in the concerned document. The primary concern of a Forensic Document Examiner is to decipher the type of forgery, and thenafter scientifically prepare a report considering the various aspects which are to be taken into account while conducting the examination.
Module-1 Forensic document examination
On several cases, a document is existing that is evidently of a certain means, required to prove the authentic meaning by questioned document examiner.Forensic questioned document analysis will very often involve the study of document, questioned document analysis U/S 463 of IPC, standard exemplars, scientific examination of documents, nature and problem related to documents, the importance of photographic evidence, handling and preservation of questioned and standard exemplars.
Module-2 The examination of computer generated documents
Computer generated text on document by printing methods such as dot-matrix, inkjet, laser etc. are often somewhat required to be proven with the authentication of printing values in legal aspects. It will introduce the methods of pre-examination evaluation, examination procedures, examination of original and photocopied document, and identification of printed document.
Printing machines have multiple identification marks of the printing procedures such as drum, high speed mainframe line, drum and chain printers, typewriter technology printers like type ball and daisy wheel.
Dot matrix printers, have multiple pins to strike the paper through ribbon for transferring the printing ink. In the dot matrix printing process, if pins are damaged or not adequate in nature they leave multiple marks on the document. These marks play a vital role in identifying the particular printing machine.
Due to the frequently produced print in inkjet printing technology, somewhat the unkempt marks become easy to view. However, the inkjet printed documents are easy to differentiate on the basis of their printing. The module will also introduce you to the monochrome and color laser/ led printers, photocopiers, analysis of photocopies, identifying individual photocopiers, facsimile machines, manipulated faxes and fax machine defects.
Module-3 Guidelines for the examination of handwriting and approaches
Questioned document examiner must follow the various scientific guidelines for the examination of handwriting and other questioned documents, which have been defined in the multiple steps to examine the authentic values in the manner that purpose, requirements, procedures, evaluation of the questioned writing, evaluation of the known writing, conducting a side by side comparison of questioned and known writing, techniques and principles used in document examination, instruments used in document examination and indented writing Impressions (for original Documents) can be clearly observed and concluded in a report.
TLC “Thin Layer Chromatography”, is often too conceivable to differentiate the inks used in writing. It is very helpful in the examination and verification of the ink whether the same ink is used in the writing or some alteration and addition made with the others. The module will introduced you to the introduction to ink analysis, identification of ink, ink analysis basics, main components of ink, layout analysis, ink analysis (alterations) and the importance of original documents in ink examination.
Paper examination contains the nature of paper- size, color, thickness, finishing and density of papers, watermarks, analysis of weave, paper fiber analysis and various characteristics of the paper plays an important role in the examination.
Module-4 Handwriting examination and comparison
Examination and comparison of the handwriting is based on some abbreviations by its nature, alignment, arrangement, connections, initial stroke, pen lifts, pen pressure, punctuation, rhythm, shading, size, slope, terminal stroke, tremor and the individual features. It is thoroughly examined during the examination of the writing variations. The typical problems involved in handwriting identification and disguised handwriting are also kept in account while conducting an examination.
Module-5 Identification of signatures
The students will learn all aspects of signatures, which will enhance their skills in examination and report writing. Introduction to signature identification, genuine signatures, accidental variations- receipt signatures, signatures influenced by alcohol and drugs and illness and old age, forged and distorted / disguised signatures- traced forgeries, simulated forgeries, spurious signatures and spouse’s limitations, identification of the initials and illiterate’s marks, evaluating non original signatures, and forgery by transplanting a genuine signature are the key-points summed up in this module.
Module-6 Alterations, erasures, and obliterations
Alterations, erasures and obliterations often are certain very important factors in examining documents with the help of light sources, ultra violet light, chemical solvents etc. The module defines the evaluation of editing present in documents, nature of alteration, nature of erasures, types of erasures, nature of obliteration, overwriting and insertions.
Module-7 Security features in different type of documents
Due to some reasons like identity theft, frauds, money laundrying, monetary gaining etc., there are much authentic documents fraudulently altered and forged. This module includes all vital aspects of security features in various documents, such as - PAN card, TAN card, voter ID card, driving license, UID aadhar card, passport, stamp and e-stamp paper, bankers cheque, QR code and Bar code and identification features of Indian and other currency
Module-8 Anti money laundering documents verification
It will introduce the students to anti money laundering documents such as- bank statements, Form-16, income Tax Return, voter ID card, salary slip, driving license, pan card, ration card, passport, telephone bill, electricity bill etc.
Module-9 Visual illustration and case study of documents
Students can cover their visual illustration and case studies in training session. Search link- http://www.sifs.in/online-course-questioned-document-examination.php
In a practical aspect, the module would introduce you to the disguised forgery, traced forgery, forgery by memory, forgery by impersonation, forgery over a genuine signature, forgery by transplanting a genuine signature, forgery of rubber seals or stamps and real case studies.
ONLINE EXAMINATION AND EVALUATION PROCESS
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled in online courses. After the completion of the respective course duration, you would have access to your examination portal on the allotted date and time, and accordingly you would be notify by the concerned authorities to check mails, so that you must give your examination in allocated date and time on our online examination portal.
TYPES OF QUESTIONS
You will have combination of Multiple Choice Questions, in the form of multiple option, True & False, Fill in the Blanks, Match the Following, Sequences Questions, Multiple Response Questions, Passage and Image Description form.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the mark sheets and certificates are posted on to the given postal address by address confirmation. If any change in postal address student must notify after completion of Examination.
Note: Every student must have to check email for examination notifications and other updates. Also you have update your recent postal address and so on
SIFS INDIA, provides online education for certificate, Diploma, and PG Diploma courses in the Forensic Science discipline. The Forensic Science programmes are appropriate for all students of any discipline. The course is ideal for those who, whim to secure a stand-alone certification in Forensic Science and whose first degree is in an unrelated field. We aims to provide a thorough education in Forensic Science from a variety of perspectives with multiple dimensions.
After completion of the enrollment processes, a username and password would be generate and provide you through email to access e-books and study materials allied to your programme code within five working days.
Complete Learning of Statement (LOS)
In online education, lectures might be conducted online via Learning Management System (LMS) and instant chatting or messaging. Some course have ‘virtual’ classes; where the enrolled students participate through webcams sources. Through your unique username and password, students can access their profile, study materials, instructor guidance, assignments, quizzes, examination, scores, and so on.
Make important bookmark for future access
In Every LOS, we are constantly reviewing the latest study materials being the very finest course material now available for your programme code. We provides the modified technology inside the portal likewise; the bookmark option to build a specified learning process. Bookmark is also an advantageous for future access. Your learning methods would be helpful to choose objectives. Bookmark giving you the chance to study exactly; what you need in directive to improvement.
Make your own notes
Go Paperless! Online database are much easier than searching through paper files. LOS giving you the note preparation option at the time of study. It would be great method to create and deploy your own written notes for future admittance.
Take multiple quizzes for practice exam
LMS is the best virtual learning systems; to use their own login portal. Multiple quizzes are the most of the latest questions and updates related to the LOS. It would be flexible to practice for examination preparation.
Interact with your instructor for your queries.
Online learning system also provides a forum for discussion with instructor, where you can post and quickly ask your quarries, enhance and collaborate your learning experiences. It would be hard to mature a relationship with your online instructor, you may never meet, but it is worth the exertion to keep communicating and contacting through the online support system.
The assignment submission process diverges depending upon the course you enrolled. Assignment is definitely the indispensable thing in order to complete your programme. It comprises 5 questions with 1000 word limit. Assignment carries a 100% weightage for evaluation of examination. Some key instructions to get good grade in your assignment such as-
1. Read the study materials in depth from portal LOS.
2. Understand the assignment questions and keep within the word limit.
3. Write the assignments yourself which should be plagiarism free.
4. Complete the assignments in given duration and submit after date you will not able to access the assignment.
5. Write your answers in the appropriate format and add the references at the end of your assignment etc.
Online examination system is designed to offer you with an education wherever you are. There are a wide range multiple options. After the completion of the respective course duration, you would have access to your examination portal on the allotted date and time. In LMS examination procedure, you will allocated for examination in a particular time, so that you must give your examination in allocated date and time on your online examination portal.
Note: 1.You must have to complete your examination in given time period accordingly to your course instructor. You cannot attempt your examination twice.
2. If you are not able to attempt your examination, you must to inform your instructor prior the time period and give specific reason to conduct re-schedule examination date*.