Criminology is defined as the scientific study of the character, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and interference of criminal behavior, each on the individual and social levels. Sociology is associate degree knowledge base field within the activity sciences, drawing particularly upon the analysis of sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, social anthropologists, likewise as students of law. The term sociology was coined in 1885 by Italian law Professor Raffaele Garofalo as criminologia. Later, French social scientist Paul Topinard used the analogous French term criminologie.
Victimology, a sub-field of criminology that scientifically studies the link between a victim and a culprit by examining the causes and therefore the nature of the resulting suffering. Specifically, victimology focuses on whether or not the perpetrators were complete strangers, mere acquaintances, friends, relations, or maybe intimates and why a selected person or place was targeted. Criminal victimization could bring down economic prices, physical injuries, and psychological hurt.
Criminology is that the study of crime from a social and individual perspective. As a science, sociology isn't solely involved with the causes and preventions of crime however the social impacts and reactions to crime, further because the criminals themselves; whereas victimology is that the study of the victims of crime, and particularly of the explanations why some folks area unit additional at risk of be victims.
Victimology and Criminology are the vital scientific studies in criminal analysis that are geared towards up the effectiveness of the criminal justice system. This course outline provides a basic analysis of these two aspects and therefore the role they play within the criminal justice system. This can be followed by an evidence of the similarities and variations between victimology and sociology. The ultimate part of the topic could be a section an info on the applications and techniques of this science on criminal justice system.
MODULE 1 – CRIMINOLOGY
This module defines criminology under the subheadings- nature, level, organization, reasons, control, penalties, and deterrence of criminals, both on the separate and communal points. The nature and scope, relation with other social sciences and relevance of criminology to contemporary society help the criminologists in knowing the behavior of criminals. This module also covers the methods (general and specific) used in criminology as the research purpose.
MODULE 2 – PRE-CLASSICAL, CLASSICAL AND NEO-CLASSICAL THEORIES OF CRIME
This module familiarize you with the theories of crime like Pre-classical, Classical, and Neo-classical theories. In the theories, different criminologists have given the definitions of criminals. This module also covers the positivism in criminology, sociological theories, social processes theories, radical approach- development of radical criminology: meaning, scope and relevance, critical criminology which gives an idea to criminologists about the criminal behavior according to their morphological and environmental factors.
MODULE 3 – CONCEPT OF CRIME AND ITS TREND
From this module, one can understand the actual definition of crime with its social, psychological and legal approaches. Crime in ancient time had different views compare to the crime in medieval and modern society. Casual factors of crime and sources of crime statistics define how an individual became a criminal. This module also covers the topics crime in India and abroad, crime under IPC and crimes under local and special legislations which help the public to fight for their legal rights.
MODULE 4 – CLASSIFICATION OF CRIME AND CRIMINALS
This module includes the classification of criminal and crime according to the mens rea of an individual. The social issues, deviance and white collar crime, juvenile delinquency, prostitution, suicide and alcoholism and drug addiction through which the person are categories into different level of crime. This module also covers the differences between sin, tort and crime by which court decide the punishment of an individual.
MODULE 5 – FORMS OF CRIME
This module is framed to make the students understand what actually criminology is all about. Students will be able to gather information on forms of crime like introduction to organized crime, economic crimes, violence crime, public order crime, Cyber-crime and property crime. This module also includes Terrorism technical and legal aspects, nature and forms of terrorism, causes of terrorism, prosecution and punishment under anti-terrorism laws. Cyber-crimes threats and environmental crimes all have been discussed in this course module.
MODULE 6 – CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
Organized set up of criminal justice system would familiarize you to the CJS: meaning, purpose and social relevance, legislative process, overview of criminal justice sectors such as, maintenance of law and order, investigation of crimes, protection of life, and production of property rights and prevention of crime. Importance of judicial system in modern society, prosecution system, prison system, investigation of crimes and relations with courts/magistrate, Use of technology in Crime Investigation and citizen’s rights during investigation.
MODULE 7 – CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE
This module covers the General principles and specific offences of elements of criminal liability, principles of group liability (Section 149, 34, 109, 120B IPC), offences against person (homicide, kidnapping, abduction, rape), offence against property (theft, robbery, dacoity, cheating, and breach of trust), Criminal Investigation and prosecution, summon trials, warrant trials, session trial, Evidence law and the punishment under IPC.
MODULE 8 – JUVENILE JUSTICE
Introduction to Juvenile Legislations in India focusses on the definition nature and forms of juvenile delinquency, Beijing rules-Riyadh guidelines, and National policy for children, and history of Juvenile Legislations in India. This module includes juvenile justice system in which NGOs, child welfare committee and juvenile justice board help in handing juvenile. Children in need of care and protection from child laboring, trafficking and children in conflict with law and intervention strategies- restoration/repatriation of children, after-Care, adoption, foster care & sponsorship, issues and problems in reintegration are included in this course module.
MODULE 9 – CRIMINAL PSYCHOLOGY
This module is framed to make the students understand what actually criminal psychology is all about. This module would help students in knowing about the introduction, meaning, purpose and scope of criminal psychology. Psychological vs. Psycho-analytical Approach to Crime, behaviorist approach to crime, factors affecting criminal psychology contain mental illness, human aggression, violence, and development of personality with special reference to criminal, psychometric tests: Use in Criminal behavior, forensic psychology concept and brain imaging- definition, concept and purpose of brain imaging.
MODULE 10 – PENOLOGY AND CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION
Penology and correctional administration module deals with the nature of punishment. Meaning, objective, philosophy, punishment in ancient, medieval and modern India, guidelines/prison adulates, theories of punishment and recent approaches to punishment. This module also covers the correction procedure and rules in punishment.
MODULE 11 – VICTIMOLOGY
Infant Death, as the name signifies will be dealing with victimology. This module focusses on introduction to victimology and its history in legal aspects. The theories of Victimology, stalking, sexual assault, domestic assault, victim impact and victim blaming are all covered in this module to augment the students’ knowledge.
MODULE 12 – LEGAL PERSPECTIVE RELATED TO VICTIMOLOGY
This module include the legal perspective related to victimology in which the correlation between police and victims has been established. Prosecution, victims and defendants contains the rights of victims and balancing the rights of victim with defendant from which the court can give justifiable result. This module also covers the recovery and victim as a profession.
ONLINE EXAMINATION AND EVALUATION PROCESS
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled in online courses. After the completion of the respective course duration, you will be notified with your exam date and other required details. You are supposed to access your examination portal on the allotted date and time for giving your exam. Concerned authorities will assist you, if you face any kind of problem during your exam.
TYPES OF QUESTIONS
You will have combination of Multiple Choice Questions, in the form of multiple option and True & False.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the mark sheets and certificates are posted on to the given postal address by address confirmation. Therefore, the students are always requested to mention their correct and complete address on their application form, in order to avoid further confusion and disappointment.
Note: Every student must check their email for examination notifications and other updates. Also you are supposed to update your recent postal address and other relevant details.
SIFS INDIA, provides online education for Certificate, Diploma, and PG Diploma courses in the Forensic Science discipline. The Forensic Science programmes are appropriate for all students of any discipline. The course is ideal for those who, whim to secure a stand-alone certification in Forensic Science and whose first degree is in an unrelated field. We aims to provide a thorough education in Forensic Science from a variety of perspectives with multiple dimensions.
After completion of the enrollment processes, a username and password would be generate and provide you through email to access e-books and study materials allied to your programme code within five working days.
COMPLETE LEARNING OF STATEMENT (LOS)
In online education, lectures might be conducted online via Learning Management System (LMS) and instant chatting or messaging. Some course have ‘virtual’ classes; where the enrolled students participate through webcams sources. Through your unique username and password, students can access their profile, study materials, instructor guidance, assignments, quizzes, examination, scores, and so on.
MAKE IMPORTANT BOOKMARK FOR FUTURE ACCESS
In Every LOS, we are constantly reviewing the latest study materials being the very finest course material now available for your programme code. We provides the modified technology inside the portal likewise; the bookmark option to build a specified learning process. Bookmark is also an advantageous for future access. Your learning methods would be helpful to choose objectives. Bookmark giving you the chance to study exactly; what you need in directive to improvement.
MAKE YOUR OWN NOTES
Go Paperless! Online database are much easier than searching through paper files. LOS giving you the note preparation option at the time of study. It would be great method to create and deploy your own written notes for future admittance.
TAKE MULTIPLE QUIZZES FOR PRACTICE EXAM
LMS is the best virtual learning systems; to use their own login portal. Multiple quizzes are the most of the latest questions and updates related to the LOS. It would be flexible to practice for examination preparation.
INTERACT WITH YOUR INSTRUCTOR FOR YOUR QUERIES.
Online learning system also provides a forum for discussion with instructor, where you can post and quickly ask your quarries, enhance and collaborate your learning experiences. It would be hard to mature a relationship with your online instructor, you may never meet, but it is worth the exertion to keep communicating and contacting through the online support system.
The assignment submission process diverges depending upon the course you enrolled. Assignment is definitely the indispensable thing in order to complete your programme. It comprises 5 questions with 1000 word limit. Assignment carries a 100% weightage for evaluation of examination. Some key instructions to get good grade in your assignment such as-
1. Read the study materials in depth from portal LOS.
2. Understand the assignment questions and keep within the word limit.
3. Write the assignments yourself which should be plagiarism free.
4. Complete the assignments in given duration and submit after date you will not able to access the assignment.
5. Write your answers in the appropriate format and add the references at the end of your assignment etc.
Online examination system is designed to offer you with an education wherever you are. There are a wide range multiple options. After the completion of the respective course duration, you would have access to your examination portal on the allotted date and time. In LMS examination procedure, you will allocated for examination in a particular time, so that you must give your examination in allocated date and time on your online examination portal.
1. You must have to complete your examination in given time period accordingly to your course instructor. You cannot attempt your examination twice.
2. If you are not able to attempt your examination, you must to inform your instructor prior the time period and give specific reason to conduct re-schedule examination date*.