Forensic Entomology is that special associated distinctive discipline of Forensic Science that deals with the assorted aspects of an insect’s or a maggot’s life cycle so as to assess the time since death. Besides the actual fact that it's one among the distinctive applications of the Sciences technicalities, it’s another side is that it's a way-back best-known Science to the human civilization.
The history of Forensic Entomology rests all the approach back to the thirteenth century. The earliest best-known and recorded case of Forensic Entomology comes from the medieval China. Within the year 1325, a Chinese attorney named Sung T’su wrote a text book on criminal investigations, referred to as “The Washing Away of Wrongs”. During this book, T’su recounts a murder that went on close to the rice field. The victim has been repeatedly slashed by a sharp edged weapon and investigators suspected it to be a reap hook or a sickle, a typical tool usually employed in rice harvest. The native official then asked all the farmers to come up with their sickles. Though all the sickles looked clean, nonetheless one among the sickles attracted hordes of flies. The flies have the power to sense the residue of blood and tissue invisible to the human eye. Once being confronted by the jury of flies, the slayer confessed the commission of the crime. In spite of sensing the residues of blood and tissue, insects and maggots are of nice facilitate in deciding the time go on since the death of the deceased.
It is a best-known irrefutable fact that insects and maggots are of a big help to a Forensic Entomologists in deciding myriad factors associated with the death of a private and therefore will offer several links that might ease the complete method of criminal investigation, thereby providing a final conclusion to the case. A number of the essential applications of Forensic Entomology are- determination of your time since death or Post-mortem Interval (PMI) is of huge importance during a crime investigation, as this could offer a robust and far more conclusive result in the complete case. An intensive study of the maggots and therefore the varied stages of its life cycle will terribly clearly offer ends up in a Forensic Entomologist in assessing rather more approximate PMI.
Generally, blood and varied alternative tissues bear a laboratory analysis to see the presence of poisons and its levels within the body. However in few cases wherever body remains undiscovered for an extended duration, then maggots are collected and brought to the laboratory for entomo-toxicological studies as a result of the advanced stage of decomposition within the body where assortment and preservation of body viscera becomes an impossible task. This entomo-toxicological studies of the maggots facilitate in the assessment of poison levels within the body.
Insects’ species are continuously restricted to a limited region or surroundings. The body gets settled shortly once the onset of decomposition. Just in case if the body gets stirred by some external force, then it gets re-colonized once more relying upon the region and therefore the individual environmental issue. But, this secondary colonisation may dissent from the initial colonisation, thereby providing a clue that the body was resettled in a while.
This course outline would inculcate within the students an ability to view every miniscule factors present at the spot, where crime was conducted. In addition, they would also be able to analyse the sequence in which the insects colonize a corpse, and its evidentiary value in the court room.
MODULE 1 – FORENSIC ENTOMOLOGY
In this course module, Student will familiarized with the forensic entomology (the study of insects for the legal purpose) with the structure of the recent evolution of this area of entomology, its career and scope, classification and role of forensic entomologist and taxonomic keys that help the biologist in the identification of unknown organisms. This module also includes the significance and limitation of forensic entomologist.
MODULE 2 – INTRODUCTION TO INSECTS
This module defines different types of insects with their life cycle, physiology and anatomy that help the entomologist in the determination of time since death of an individual. This module also covers the metamorphosis (physical development of insects), factors affecting growth of insects and their role in the estimation of time since death.
MODULE 3 – INSECTS OF FORENSIC IMPORTANCE I
This module focusses on the different species of flies like blow flies, house flies, flesh flies, skipper flies and moth flies with their families. The diversity, life cycle and colonization of flies around the corpse that explain the entomologists about the cause, manner and time since death of an individual will enrich the students’ knowledge.
MODULE 4 – INSECTS OF FORENSIC IMPORTANCE II
In this module, students will learn about the beetles that plays an important role in the forensic science. The different species of beetles i.e. carrion beetles, rove beetles, checkered beetles and scarab beetles have differences in the diversity, life cycle and colonization around the corpse. This module also include the type of arthropods and scavengers and their forensic importance in the determination of the cause of death.
MODULE 5 – ROLE OF ENTOMOLOGY IN HUMAN DECOMPOSITION
This module contain the details of different stages of decomposition occur in the body after death of an individual i.e. fresh, bloated, decay, post decay and dry stage. In these stages, the variety of insects are found through which the entomologist can estimate the approximate time since death easily. Sometime factors like physical factors, chemical factors, climate and animal effect the decomposition process due to which the process of decomposition delayed or might be the chance of occurring before time.
MODULE 6 – ENTOMOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION AND EVIDENCE COLLECTION
From this module, students will be able to learn about how the investigation done in the entomological cases where the bodies are unidentified. The collection, preservation and storage of the insects for the examination of manner, cause and time since death is also covered in this module. The time since death is done by the help of using successional waves of insects and maggot’s age and development.
MODULE 7 – ROLE OF ENTOMOLOGY IN DIFFERENT DISCIPLINES
This module includes the role of entomology for different disciplines such as medical entomology and forensic archeological entomology. In the medical entomology (the medical issues, problem caused by insects due to which the entomologist face difficulties in the determination of time since death) and in forensic archeological entomology (insect fragmentation, consequence of insects in ancient life style and human commensal insect distribution) is discussed.
MODULE 8 – WATER, DRUGS, TOXINS, AND INSECT DECOMPOSITION
Students will familiarize themselves with the detailed description of water, drugs, toxins, and insect decomposition. This course module focusses on effect of chemical on Arthropods Biology with respect to Insect development and decomposition under the headings of recreational chemicals, aquatic environments, various poisons and insecticides.
MODULE 9 – ARTHROPOD BORNE DISEASE AND ITS INFESTATION
This course module encompasses a detailed description about forensic entomology in public health, public health policy, arthropod borne disease litigation and the Delusory Parasitosis which contain the mites and other infestation. This course module will let the students explore the limits and enrich their knowledge to the verge.
MODULE 10 – LEGAL ASPECTS OF FORENSIC ENTOMOLOGY
Through this module, students will acquaint themselves with the introduction of legal aspects of forensic entomology, entomology in civil cases (dispute over private issues). Course module also includes the entomology in criminal cases, child abuse, punishment strings and narcotic’s origin with the administrative law.
ONLINE EXAMINATION AND EVALUATION PROCESS
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled in online courses. After the completion of the respective course duration, you will be notified with your exam date and other required details. You are supposed to access your examination portal on the allotted date and time for giving your exam. Concerned authorities will assist you, if you face any kind of problem during your exam.
TYPES OF QUESTIONS
You will have combination of Multiple Choice Questions, in the form of multiple option and True & False.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the mark sheets and certificates are posted on to the given postal address by address confirmation. Therefore, the students are always requested to mention their correct and complete address on their application form, in order to avoid further confusion and disappointment.
Note: Every student must check their email for examination notifications and other updates. Also you are supposed to update your recent postal address and other relevant details.
SIFS INDIA, provides online education for Certificate, Diploma, and PG Diploma courses in the Forensic Science discipline. The Forensic Science programmes are appropriate for all students of any discipline. The course is ideal for those who, whim to secure a stand-alone certification in Forensic Science and whose first degree is in an unrelated field. We aims to provide a thorough education in Forensic Science from a variety of perspectives with multiple dimensions.
After completion of the enrollment processes, a username and password would be generate and provide you through email to access e-books and study materials allied to your programme code within five working days.
COMPLETE LEARNING OF STATEMENT (LOS)
In online education, lectures might be conducted online via Learning Management System (LMS) and instant chatting or messaging. Some course have ‘virtual’ classes; where the enrolled students participate through webcams sources. Through your unique username and password, students can access their profile, study materials, instructor guidance, assignments, quizzes, examination, scores, and so on.
MAKE IMPORTANT BOOKMARK FOR FUTURE ACCESS
In Every LOS, we are constantly reviewing the latest study materials being the very finest course material now available for your programme code. We provides the modified technology inside the portal likewise; the bookmark option to build a specified learning process. Bookmark is also an advantageous for future access. Your learning methods would be helpful to choose objectives. Bookmark giving you the chance to study exactly; what you need in directive to improvement.
MAKE YOUR OWN NOTES
Go Paperless! Online database are much easier than searching through paper files. LOS giving you the note preparation option at the time of study. It would be great method to create and deploy your own written notes for future admittance.
TAKE MULTIPLE QUIZZES FOR PRACTICE EXAM
LMS is the best virtual learning systems; to use their own login portal. Multiple quizzes are the most of the latest questions and updates related to the LOS. It would be flexible to practice for examination preparation.
INTERACT WITH YOUR INSTRUCTOR FOR YOUR QUERIES.
Online learning system also provides a forum for discussion with instructor, where you can post and quickly ask your quarries, enhance and collaborate your learning experiences. It would be hard to mature a relationship with your online instructor, you may never meet, but it is worth the exertion to keep communicating and contacting through the online support system.
The assignment submission process diverges depending upon the course you enrolled. Assignment is definitely the indispensable thing in order to complete your programme. It comprises 5 questions with 1000 word limit. Assignment carries a 100% weightage for evaluation of examination. Some key instructions to get good grade in your assignment such as-
1. Read the study materials in depth from portal LOS.
2. Understand the assignment questions and keep within the word limit.
3. Write the assignments yourself which should be plagiarism free.
4. Complete the assignments in given duration and submit after date you will not able to access the assignment.
5. Write your answers in the appropriate format and add the references at the end of your assignment etc.
Online examination system is designed to offer you with an education wherever you are. There are a wide range multiple options. After the completion of the respective course duration, you would have access to your examination portal on the allotted date and time. In LMS examination procedure, you will allocated for examination in a particular time, so that you must give your examination in allocated date and time on your online examination portal.
1. You must have to complete your examination in given time period accordingly to your course instructor. You cannot attempt your examination twice.
2. If you are not able to attempt your examination, you must to inform your instructor prior the time period and give specific reason to conduct re-schedule examination date*.