Forensic anthropology represents a robust, dynamic and international field that involves interdisciplinary research, diverse applications and is basically a component of physical anthropology i.e. the study of human population from a biological and evolutionary perspective.
Forensic anthropology uses the methods and goals of physical anthropology to study questions of medico-legal significance. It is one of the eminent area of study for college students and scientists. Its various subfields are forensic archaeology and forensic taphonomy, in a legal setting. A forensic anthropologist can not only assist in the identification of deceased individuals whose remains are decomposed, burned, mutilated or otherwise unrecognizable, as might happen in a plane crash. But can also deals with human body measurements, in order to establish the identity of a person aiding in criminal profiling.
The use of anthropology in the forensic investigation of remains grew out of the recognition of anthropology as a distinct scientific discipline and the growth of physical anthropology. Anthropology is a diverse field of study that includes many specialties, or sub disciplines, that usually fall under the areas of cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, or physical anthropology. The one thing that all anthropologists have in common is that they are interested in the study of human beings. A major component of physical anthropology is the study of the human skeleton, or human osteology. Experts during the study of the human skeleton, or human osteologists may apply their skills to the fossilized remains of ancestral humans.
Regardless of whether the skeleton is fossilized, prehistoric, historic or modern many of the goals of an osteological analysis are the same: to reconstruct as much as possible about a person's life from a thorough examination of his or her bones after death. This course is designed for apprentices who have an interest in forensic anthropology, it emphasize on the detection, recovery, and identification of human remains within a legal context. It basically focuses on the applied science of forensic anthropology and provide general introduction to many facets of a forensic anthropologists job.
After studying this you will get an overview of the human skeleton and an introduction to the methods used by forensic anthropologists in the identification and analysis of skeletal remains (e.g., age, death, sex, ancestry, stature, and personal identification). We will also discuss the role of the forensic anthropologist in the investigation of human rights abuses, mass disasters, and criminal investigations.
MODULE 1 – FORENSIC ANTHROPLOGY
Skeletal remains as an evidence are frequently encountered in numerous cases and send to laboratories for identification which covers under broad area of Forensic Anthropology, which is the application of Anthropology. Forensic Anthropologist plays an important role in identifying an individual with the help of skeletal remains. In this particular chapter, scholars will know about the history, scope and significance of Forensic Anthropology. Scholars can pursue career as Forensic Anthropologist as it is one of the most interesting field in which just skeletal remains will help you in determining the victim's age, sex, and ancestry.
MODULE 2 – FORENSIC ARCHAEOLOGY AND SCENE PROCESSING METHOD
Forensic anthropology is the application of the science of anthropology and its various subfields, including forensic archaeology. Forensic Archeology and scene processing method focuses on various basic principles and excavation techniques used by forensic archeologists to ensure that remains are recovered in control and forensically acceptable manner. After going through this section apprentices will have knowledge about the three main areas i.e. How to assist with crime scene research, Investigating and recovery of the evidence and/ or skeletal remains. However, on the other hand detailed information regarding scene documentation along with evidence collection and packaging which is of prime importance will be imparted. It should always kept in mind that the evidence loses its credibility, if chain of custody not maintained properly.
MODULE 3 – HUMAN OSTEOLOGY
The word Osteology is comprised of two Greek words Osteon implies bones and Logy means study, therefore osteology in its broad sense refers to the scientific study of bones. Human Osteology is the branch of osteology that involves the study of human bones and human skeletal system. It is a broad discipline which generally comprises the growth and development of bones along with their structure and functions. This discipline has covered the basic concepts of bones and the terminology associated with it. Study of skeletal anatomy i.e. study of both axial and appendicular skeleton or number of bones of both upper as well as lower extremities, is considered to be an important aspect of human osteology which provides an aid to the forensic anthropologists. This study along with other parameters not only helped in gender differentiation but also proves to be very significant for the purpose of individualization.
MODULE 4 – SOMATOSCOPY
Here in this module scholars will get to know more about one of the basic anthropometric measurement technique i.e. Somatoscopy which mainly deals with visual observation of different parts of the human body. In this anthropologist describes those features human morphological body which cannot observed through metrical analysis.
MODULE 5 – SOMATOMETRY
Somatometry is one of another anthropometric measurements techniques which aids in expressing the descriptions through metric values. For this numerous measurements have been formulated by anthropologists for taking faultless measurement on the living and skeleton as well.
MODULE 6 – OSTEOMETRY
This course provides a broad overview of Osteometry to the scholar. Osteometry is another anthropometric measurements techniques which deals with measurement of bones, which helps in comparing the skeletons of different populations
MODULE 7 – CRANIOMETRY
This main aim of this course is provide complete knowledge about Craniometry, which is another anthropometric measurement technique. Craniometry is a measurement of the main part of the skull for establishing the differences between groups of population. Here in this module scholars will be taught about different instruments used for taking measurements with this scholars will also come to know about different craniometric techniques used.
MODULE 8 – INDIVIDUALIZATION THROUGH BONES
This module focuses on the study of various bones and their characteristics, helping the reader understand the concept of establishing the identity of a person whether living or dead through bones, it also sheds light on medico-legal aspect of identity. One should always provide knowledge in a flow, such is the sketch of this segment. It explains whole identification process in a well-structured manner starting with the establishment of origin, following sex, age and race determination through various bones found from grave, crime scene or in case of living person too. As explained earlier, individualization through bones is the most important part of forensic science by dint help we can estimate the age of dead person and alive person, identification of the race and in order to identify the sex of the human bones can prove to be very use full for us. We can identify the age with the help of fetus, teeth, bones ossification, and suture and we can tell accurate age of the human being with the help of bones. This module also emphases on facial reconstruction, various methods of reconstruction will be covered, which will eventually help recognize culprit or deceased.
MODULE 9 – ESTIMATION OF ANCESTARY
Forensic anthropologists tend to examine and determine the ancestry of a skeleton by merely examining the morphology, or shape, of the skull and by taking measurements of the skull vault (cavity) and face. By comparing these results with data from populations worldwide, scientists can evaluate that individual's relationship to a world group. Estimation of ancestry is a module that will focus on craniometric analysis and post cranial methods, and will enrich reader with the knowledge of measurement of the cranium.
MODULE 10 – FIELDS METHODS
This module deals with the very significant aspect of investigation process i.e. Field Methods. It holds all the relevant information regarding field procedures which includes preplanning of field work and the ante-mortem information. Also it deals with the exposure, processing and recording of archeological remains i.e. Excavation and Disinterment. As it comprises of elements of dead remains, this module also contain the investigation process of Burial Location and Burial Classification. It also covers the very important feature of investigation i.e. Post Mortem Interval (PMI) and Time since Death of dead person keeping in mind the process of decomposition. Lastly the quality check for the field work so as to make it accurate for investigation.
MODULE 11 – LAB PROCEDURE AND REPORTING
Setting up a professional lab with all the equipment's is very essential in order to have a proper environment. Examination and techniques such as photography, radiography, microscopy, molding and casting, computing and curating plays very important role in evaluation of any evidence. In this module we will be focusing on such important techniques. On their principle, working and significance. A brief information of legal and ethical consideration will be provided here.
ONLINE EXAMINATION AND EVALUATION PROCESS
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled in online courses. After the completion of the respective course duration, you will be notified with your exam date and other required details. You are supposed to access your examination portal on the allotted date and time for giving your exam. Concerned authorities will assist you, if you face any kind of problem during your exam.
TYPES OF QUESTIONS
You will have combination of Multiple Choice Questions, in the form of multiple option and True & False.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the mark sheets and certificates are posted on to the given postal address by address confirmation. Therefore, the students are always requested to mention their correct and complete address on their application form, in order to avoid further confusion and disappointment.
Note: Every student must check their email for examination notifications and other updates. Also you are supposed to update your recent postal address and other relevant details.
SIFS INDIA, provides online education for Certificate, Diploma, and PG Diploma courses in the Forensic Science discipline. The Forensic Science programmes are appropriate for all students of any discipline. The course is ideal for those who, whim to secure a stand-alone certification in Forensic Science and whose first degree is in an unrelated field. We aims to provide a thorough education in Forensic Science from a variety of perspectives with multiple dimensions.
After completion of the enrollment processes, a username and password would be generate and provide you through email to access e-books and study materials allied to your programme code within five working days.
COMPLETE LEARNING OF STATEMENT (LOS)
In online education, lectures might be conducted online via Learning Management System (LMS) and instant chatting or messaging. Some course have ‘virtual’ classes; where the enrolled students participate through webcams sources. Through your unique username and password, students can access their profile, study materials, instructor guidance, assignments, quizzes, examination, scores, and so on.
MAKE IMPORTANT BOOKMARK FOR FUTURE ACCESS
In Every LOS, we are constantly reviewing the latest study materials being the very finest course material now available for your programme code. We provides the modified technology inside the portal likewise; the bookmark option to build a specified learning process. Bookmark is also an advantageous for future access. Your learning methods would be helpful to choose objectives. Bookmark giving you the chance to study exactly; what you need in directive to improvement.
MAKE YOUR OWN NOTES
Go Paperless! Online database are much easier than searching through paper files. LOS giving you the note preparation option at the time of study. It would be great method to create and deploy your own written notes for future admittance.
TAKE MULTIPLE QUIZZES FOR PRACTICE EXAM
LMS is the best virtual learning systems; to use their own login portal. Multiple quizzes are the most of the latest questions and updates related to the LOS. It would be flexible to practice for examination preparation.
INTERACT WITH YOUR INSTRUCTOR FOR YOUR QUERIES.
Online learning system also provides a forum for discussion with instructor, where you can post and quickly ask your quarries, enhance and collaborate your learning experiences. It would be hard to mature a relationship with your online instructor, you may never meet, but it is worth the exertion to keep communicating and contacting through the online support system.
The assignment submission process diverges depending upon the course you enrolled. Assignment is definitely the indispensable thing in order to complete your programme. It comprises 5 questions with 1000 word limit. Assignment carries a 100% weightage for evaluation of examination. Some key instructions to get good grade in your assignment such as-
1. Read the study materials in depth from portal LOS.
2. Understand the assignment questions and keep within the word limit.
3. Write the assignments yourself which should be plagiarism free.
4. Complete the assignments in given duration and submit after date you will not able to access the assignment.
5. Write your answers in the appropriate format and add the references at the end of your assignment etc.
Online examination system is designed to offer you with an education wherever you are. There are a wide range multiple options. After the completion of the respective course duration, you would have access to your examination portal on the allotted date and time. In LMS examination procedure, you will allocated for examination in a particular time, so that you must give your examination in allocated date and time on your online examination portal.
1. You must have to complete your examination in given time period accordingly to your course instructor. You cannot attempt your examination twice.
2. If you are not able to attempt your examination, you must to inform your instructor prior the time period and give specific reason to conduct re-schedule examination date*.