Crime Scene Photography, also termed as Forensic Photography is a subject of great help in aiding the criminal investigation processes. The main objective of photographing the crime scene is to maintain the reliability of the evidences encountered at a crime scene. Crime scene, being temporary and fragile in nature, needs to be secured and the evidences, along with their actual positions needs to be safeguarded to maintain their authenticity in the court-room. Therefore, photographing, videographying, note-making and proper documentation are a must requirements while processing a scene of crime.
The foremost duty of an Investigator is to ensure the safety of the crime scene, in a manner so that no clue, even the slightest of all, goes unnoticed by the eyes of an Investigator. As in the science of Forensic, evidences play a vital role in the trial process. Therefore, the investigator should produce every evidence physically along with their photographs, in order to elucidate the court regarding their condition and position at the respective scene of crime.
Module-1 Crime scene investigations
In depth, course code FSP 304 comprises about definition of crime, types of crime scene, securing and recording of crime scene, searching of physical evidences, crime scene survey & recording, Locard’s exchange principle, documentation and presentation in the court, processing and reconstruction of the crime scene.
Module-2 Physical evidence
In the second module, physical evidence of the course Crime Scene & Forensic Photography will comprising the definition and types of physical evidence, importance of physical evidence in court of law. Its nature- fragile or transient evidence and solid or tangible evidence, physical evidence searching methods, evidence supervision- chain of custody blood, splattering analysis, collection, preservation, packing and forwarding of different types of evidence to the laboratories, role and importance of photography.
Module-3 Investigation techniques
The furthermost significant part of the investigation is “Investigation techniques” in the criminal justice system. In this online and distance course module you will be learn preliminary methods of investigation, methods and procedures used in crime scene.
After completing course-304, you would be able to investigate and identify such techniques- by analyzing criminals & criminal behavior, modus operandi, criminal profiling, portrait parley, polygraph, narco-analysis, brain fingerprinting, voice stress analysis and speaker profiling.
Module-4 Glass evidence
Glass evidence can be used for manifold tracing evidence like blood, fingerprints, and broken glasses. It is very valuable evidence at a scene of crime to conclude the nature of crime.
The fragment of glass regularly encountered at the scene of crime. The composition and features of every glass is different like window glass, bottle, crystal, lead etc. and can help to reach to opinion in some specific hit and run and other cases.
Module would be introduced you to glass as an evidence- its definition and classification, forensic examination of glass fractures under different conditions, variability of glass and primary glass types, determination of direction of impact - cone-fracture, rib marks, hackle marks, backward fragmentation, types of fracture - impact fractures, heat fractures, fractures caused by projectiles, glass cutters - the mechanical fit, glass particle comparisons, refractive index and dispersion, density determinations using plummet and balance, density determinations using a density meter, product considerations, elemental analysis of glass, and other related examinations such as color and fluorescence, physical matching and measurements, density comparison, refractive index by refractometer.
Module-5 Soil evidence
The science of soil is introduces with the evidence to answer the legal criminal cases. According to the Locard’s exchange principle, soil deals with very important role in trace evidence. Often, the soil can a link between the suspect and the crime scene as well as rule out a suspect.
The structure of the module will explain you to the formation and types of soil, composition and color of soil, particle size distribution & turbidity test, analytical examination of soil, density distribution of particles, mineral analysis, chemical analysis, density gradient analysis & ignition loss, differential thermal analysis & elemental analysis, interpretation of soil evidence
Module-6 Paint evidence
In the forensic investigation cases, paint is a very common encountered evidence in various cases like burglary, hit-and run cases etc. The module is describing the fundamentals of paint, in the manner that types of paint and their composition, paint chemistry, terminology and Components, resinous vehicles, automotive finishes, macroscopic and microscopic studies, pigment distribution, micro-chemical and instrumental analysis – solubility test, pyrolysis chromatographic techniques, TLC, colorimetry, IR spectroscopy, X-Ray diffraction, elemental analysis and interpretation of paint evidence.
Module-7 Tool marks and impressions
This is also very frequently encountered evidence in burglary cases. The tool marks trace evidence contain patterns left on the objects at crime scene. Such as the tool marks are behaving like a link to complete the chain of custody in criminal cases. It is also possible to detect the authentication of the tool with the help of its trace marks.
Module is structured as a defined manner like preservation and packaging of tools, types of tool marks: compression marks, striated marks, combination of compression and striated marks, repeated marks, class characteristics and individual characteristics, tracing and lifting of marks, photographic examination of tool marks and the cut marks on clothes and walls etc., restoration of erased/obliterated marks, method of marking - cast, punch, engrave, methods of obliteration, method of restoration-etching (etchings for different metals), magnetic, electrolytic etc., recording of restored marks – restoration of marks on wood, leather, polymer etc.
The evidentiary value of fiber is very important in some cases like burglary and hit and run cases. It may be found on glass, tire, clothes, nails, shoes etc. In the other aspects sex offences and harassment cases, it play a dynamic role to identify and distinguish between the two different individual’s clothes fiber as well as vehicle seat fiber.
It will demonstrate you to the types of fibers & importance of fiber as an evidence, fiber examination – fluorescent, optical properties, refractive index, birefringence, dye analysis and identification and comparison of man-made and nature fiber.
Module-9 Forensic photography
Photography plays a very significant part in Forensics. Every crime scene is unique and fragile in nature, therefore it needs to be preserved for further legal proceedings. In this module, you will be guided on to how photography is of great importance in Forensics. You will practically be shown as how to photograph a crime scene, how to cover each and every minute detail, how to picture the evidences without altering their position, and the techniques involved in photographing a scene of crime.
Module-10 Evidence photography and documentation
Before the crime scene investigators begin inspecting the crime scene, they should gather as much evidence and information as possible about the scene of crime. Videography and photography are essential for documentation and it is the initial stage to documenting a crime scene. Under this module, students would be taught about the crime scene documentation– complementary nature of the interrelationship between photographs, diagrams, models, video, etc., document and fingerprint photography and enlargement, special considerations for digital photography, photographic documentation of wounds and injuries, photographic documentation of bloodstains on walls, floors and clothing, photographic documentation of impression evidence (friction ridge, footwear and tire marks), photographic documentation of traffic accident scenes, photographic documentation of crime scenes involving arson and explosions, photographing and documenting a violent crime scene, legal foundations for photographic evidence, photographing and documenting an traffic accident scene and moot court scenario to introduce photos and establish the student credibility in court.
ONLINE EXAMINATION AND EVALUATION PROCESS
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled in online courses. After the completion of the respective course duration, you would have access to your examination portal on the allotted date and time, and accordingly you would be notify by the concerned authorities to check mails, so that you must give your examination in allocated date and time on our online examination portal.
TYPES OF QUESTIONS
You will have combination of Multiple Choice Questions, in the form of multiple option, True & False, Fill in the Blanks, Match the Following, Sequences Questions, Multiple Response Questions, Passage and Image Description form.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the mark sheets and certificates are posted on to the given postal address by address confirmation. If any change in postal address student must notify after completion of Examination.
Note: Every student must have to check email for examination notifications and other updates. Also you have update your recent postal address and so on.
SIFS INDIA, provides online education for certificate, Diploma, and PG Diploma courses in the Forensic Science discipline. The Forensic Science programmes are appropriate for all students of any discipline. The course is ideal for those who, whim to secure a stand-alone certification in Forensic Science and whose first degree is in an unrelated field. We aims to provide a thorough education in Forensic Science from a variety of perspectives with multiple dimensions.
After completion of the enrollment processes, a username and password would be generate and provide you through email to access e-books and study materials allied to your programme code within five working days.
Complete Learning of Statement (LOS)
In online education, lectures might be conducted online via Learning Management System (LMS) and instant chatting or messaging. Some course have ‘virtual’ classes; where the enrolled students participate through webcams sources. Through your unique username and password, students can access their profile, study materials, instructor guidance, assignments, quizzes, examination, scores, and so on.
Make important bookmark for future access
In Every LOS, we are constantly reviewing the latest study materials being the very finest course material now available for your programme code. We provides the modified technology inside the portal likewise; the bookmark option to build a specified learning process. Bookmark is also an advantageous for future access. Your learning methods would be helpful to choose objectives. Bookmark giving you the chance to study exactly; what you need in directive to improvement.
Make your own notes
Go Paperless! Online database are much easier than searching through paper files. LOS giving you the note preparation option at the time of study. It would be great method to create and deploy your own written notes for future admittance.
Take multiple quizzes for practice exam
LMS is the best virtual learning systems; to use their own login portal. Multiple quizzes are the most of the latest questions and updates related to the LOS. It would be flexible to practice for examination preparation.
Interact with your instructor for your queries.
Online learning system also provides a forum for discussion with instructor, where you can post and quickly ask your quarries, enhance and collaborate your learning experiences. It would be hard to mature a relationship with your online instructor, you may never meet, but it is worth the exertion to keep communicating and contacting through the online support system.
The assignment submission process diverges depending upon the course you enrolled. Assignment is definitely the indispensable thing in order to complete your programme. It comprises 5 questions with 1000 word limit. Assignment carries a 100% weightage for evaluation of examination. Some key instructions to get good grade in your assignment such as-
1. Read the study materials in depth from portal LOS.
2. Understand the assignment questions and keep within the word limit.
3. Write the assignments yourself which should be plagiarism free.
4. Complete the assignments in given duration and submit after date you will not able to access the assignment.
5. Write your answers in the appropriate format and add the references at the end of your assignment etc.
Online examination system is designed to offer you with an education wherever you are. There are a wide range multiple options. After the completion of the respective course duration, you would have access to your examination portal on the allotted date and time. In LMS examination procedure, you will allocated for examination in a particular time, so that you must give your examination in allocated date and time on your online examination portal.
Note: 1.You must have to complete your examination in given time period accordingly to your course instructor. You cannot attempt your examination twice.
2. If you are not able to attempt your examination, you must to inform your instructor prior the time period and give specific reason to conduct re-schedule examination date*.